Of the Wapusk National Park in the Canadian province of Manitoba was founded in 1996. The word Wapusk comes from the Cree language and means “white bear”, which probably means the polar bears who have some birth caves here in Wapusk National Park, in which they give birth to their young.
The history of Wapusk National Park in the upper mountain regions are the oldest sites of P ra-Dorset culture to find. A little deeper are remains from the time of the settlement by the Dorset culture. The legacies of members of the Thule culture can be found in even lower regions.
Tools and weapons made from bones, wood and pieces of rock were found in the area of the Wapusk National Park. These are over 4,000 years old. According to this, one can assume that people must have lived here already at this time. The Pre-Dorset people hunted caribou here in summer and even on the ice for ringed seals in winter.
The descendants of this culture are the Dorset. They lived around 600 BC. In the area. You can see the differences between the hunting rifles very well by the increasing refinements. For example, they had bows and arrows or harpoons. They made kayaks from animal skins and used them to hunt seals, walrus and white whales.
The direct ancestors of today’s Inuit tribes came to the country in 1000 AD. The Thule culture settled here after the Dorset people disappeared.
Scientists can determine exactly which settlement must have belonged to which tribe, because the Thule and the Dorset differ in the construction of their homes.
In the winter of 1619 the first Europeans arrived in what is now the Wapusk National Park. They were looking for the Northwest Passage and so a Danish expedition reached the area. However, the 64-man crew was not prepared for the rigors of the Artis and only 3 men returned to their homeland, Denmark.
However, the large deposits of fur did not go undiscovered and so English and French flocked Dealers in the area. Shortly thereafter, they fought over property rights.
So it came about that the English began to build the Fort “Prince of Wales” in 1732. The construction should take 40 years. They wanted to protect themselves against French attacks. But the French completely destroyed it in 1782.
Flora and fauna of the Wapusk National Park
The coastal area of the park is overgrown with spruce, larch and willow. The tundra has some plants that cover the ground. In between you will also find grassy areas and marshland. The saline marshes in the coastal region are made up of dunes, beaches and various tidal zones educated. The park area is 50 percent covered by water, such as lakes, moors, swamps, streams and rivers.
A rich occurrence of polar bears and their birth caves also distinguishes the park internationally. These find plenty of food through the ringed and bearded seals. The biodiversity is very large for a tundra. Altogether over 44 different marine and terrestrial mammals live in the region of the national park. This also includes the caribou, arctic foxes, mountain hares and white whales. In addition to the polar bears, grizzlies and black bears have also settled here.
Around 200 species of birds find a habitat here. Most of them belong to the sea and water birds.