Texas Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Texas is the second largest state in the United States by area, and it is located in the south-central region of the country. It is bordered by Mexico to the south, New Mexico to the west, Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas to the northeast, and Louisiana to the east. The Gulf of Mexico lies to its southeast. Texas has a varied landscape that includes mountains, plains, forests, and deserts. In West Texas, there are high mountain ranges such as Big Bend National Park and Guadalupe Peak which are great for outdoor activities like hiking and camping. Further east lies Hill Country which is characterized by rolling hills and beautiful lakes such as Lake Travis and Lake Buchanan. To the east of Hill Country lies East Texas which is made up of a mix of pine forests, swamps, marshes and prairies. This region also contains large lakes such as Caddo Lake. South Texas consists mainly of grassy plains with some areas having mesquite trees while Central Texas has rocky hills with limestone outcroppings known as ‘The Balcones Escarpment’. The western part of Central Texas is home to deserts such as Chihuahuan Desert while further south near San Antonio lies Edwards Plateau with its unique vegetation including cacti and yucca plants. The Rio Grande River forms most of Texas’ border with Mexico while numerous other rivers flow through its interior including Pecos River in West Texas and Red River in North Central Texas.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Texas is a state rich in natural resources. It has abundant oil, natural gas, and coal reserves. It also has large deposits of limestone and other minerals used for construction and manufacturing. There are also vast forests of oak, pine, and hickory trees that are used for timber production. Texas is home to the Rio Grande River, which is the longest river in Texas and the third-longest in the United States. This river provides drinking water to millions of Texans and serves as a major source of irrigation water for many agricultural operations throughout the state. Additionally, numerous lakes, bays, and estuaries provide recreational opportunities such as fishing, boating, and swimming. Finally, Texas has some of the most diverse ecosystems in North America with habitats ranging from desert to marshlands to forests. These ecosystems provide a home for a variety of native wildlife species including deer, coyotes, armadillos, birds such as cardinals and blue jays, reptiles such as rattlesnakes and lizards, amphibians such as frogs and salamanders.


Texas is home to many different types of flora, ranging from grasses, shrubs, trees, and wildflowers. There are over 5,000 species of plants in the state that can be found in a variety of habitats. The most common type of vegetation in Texas is grasses. These grasses include Bermuda grass, Blue grama, and Buffalograss which are found throughout the state. Shrubs such as Agarito, Mesquite, and Prickly Pear can also be found in areas with dry climates. Trees such as Live Oak and Pecan are also very common throughout Texas. These trees provide valuable shade for animals and humans alike during hot summer days. Wildflowers are also abundant in Texas. Some of the more popular wildflowers include Bluebonnets, Indian Paintbrush, and Mexican Hat. These flowers add a splash of color to the landscape and attract wildlife to their blooms in search of food or shelter. Many species of cacti can also be found across the state including Barrel cactus and Prickly Pear cactus which offer protection from predators to small animals like lizards or birds that nest among them.


Texas is home to a variety of fauna, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish. Mammals found in Texas include white-tailed deer, coyote, pronghorn antelope, armadillo, and bison. The state is home to a wide variety of birds such as cardinals, roadrunners, blue jays and mockingbirds. Reptiles found in Texas include alligators, turtles, lizards and venomous snakes such as rattlesnakes and coral snakes. Amphibians like frogs and salamanders can be found in wetlands throughout the state. Fish species living in Texas include catfish and largemouth bass which are popular game fish among anglers. Other species of fish found in Texas include sunfish and crappie. In addition to these animals there are numerous invertebrates like insects that make up the diverse fauna of this great state.

Texas Fauna