Tennessee Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Tennessee is located in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by eight other states: Kentucky and Virginia to the north, North Carolina to the east, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi on the south, Arkansas to the west, and Missouri on the northwest corner. Tennessee is divided into three distinct geographic regions: East Tennessee in the east of the state which includes Appalachian Mountains; Middle Tennessee in central part of the state which includes Nashville; and West Tennessee located in western part of state which includes Memphis. The highest point in Tennessee is Clingmans Dome at 6,643 feet above sea level located in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The lowest point is along Mississippi River at 178 feet above sea level. The Cumberland Plateau dominates much of Middle and West Tennessee with its rolling hills and rich valleys. The area also features numerous rivers including Obion River, Duck River, Hiwassee River, Clinch River and Holston Rivers. East Tennessee has many mountains including Roan Mountain Range near Johnson City; Unaka Mountain Range near Erwin; Great Smoky Mountains near Gatlinburg; Chilhowee Mountain near Knoxville; Bays Mountain near Kingsport; and Cumberland Plateau near Crossville.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Tennessee is a state with an abundance of natural resources. The most prominent of these resources is the state’s vast forests and woodlands, which cover nearly two-thirds of the state’s land. The state has more than 8 million acres of forest, making it the fourth largest in the United States. Tennessee is home to a variety of hardwood trees, including oak, hickory, maple, ash, and poplar. These trees provide lumber for construction projects and also create habitats for many species of wildlife. In addition to its forests, Tennessee also boasts numerous mineral deposits such as coal, limestone, sandstone and zinc. These minerals are used in various industries across the state including steel production and construction materials. Other natural resources include water sources such as rivers, lakes and streams that provide drinking water for many communities in Tennessee. Additionally, Tennessee has many recreational areas that offer outdoor activities such as fishing and camping. The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is one of the most popular places to visit in Tennessee due to its breathtaking views and diverse wildlife populations. All in all, Tennessee offers an abundance of natural resources that can be used for economic development or recreational purposes.


Tennessee is a state full of diverse flora and fauna. The state is home to a variety of trees, shrubs, and other plants that make up the forests, meadows, and wetlands of the state. From the Eastern Hemlock and Red Maple in the Appalachian Mountains to the Bald Cypress swamps in West Tennessee, Tennessee has a wide variety of flora. Some of the most common trees found throughout the state are Red Maple, White Oak, Sweetgum, Tulip Tree, and Hickory. Other trees include Black Gum, Sourwood, Sassafras, Hickory Oak and Sycamore. These trees provide food sources for wildlife such as birds and mammals as well as providing shade during hot summer days.

Shrubs are also abundant in Tennessee with species such as Blackberry bushes, Sumac bushes, Spicebush shrubs and more often found growing wild throughout the state. These shrubs provide habitat for birds and small mammals while also providing edible fruits for humans during certain times of year. Wildflowers are also abundant in Tennessee with species such as Trilliums blooming in early spring while other varieties such as Goldenrods bloom in late summer/early fall months. Wetlands are also home to many unique plant species including Cattails which can be seen growing along lake shores or riverbanks throughout the state. All these plants work together to create a diverse ecosystem full of life!


Tennessee is home to a diverse range of fauna, including many endemic species. Some of the most iconic mammals found in Tennessee include the gray squirrel, opossum, white-tailed deer, wild boar, and black bear. The state is also home to numerous species of bats, including the federally endangered Indiana bat. Tennessee’s waterways are home to several species of fish including bass, crappie, and catfish. Tennessee’s amphibian population includes frogs such as the American bullfrog and green frog as well as salamanders such as the Hellbender. Reptiles are also abundant in Tennessee with snakes such as timber rattlesnake and common garter snake being native to the area. Turtles such as the box turtle and spiny softshell are also commonly seen in Tennessee rivers and streams. In addition to these animals, birds abound in Tennessee with over 300 species having been recorded in the state. Bald eagles and wild turkeys are both common sights for birders throughout the year while other migratory birds can be seen during spring and fall migrations. There is also a wide variety of waterfowl that can be seen throughout Tennessee’s waterways during winter months.

Tennessee Fauna