Pennsylvania Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Pennsylvania is located in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. It is bordered by New York to the north, New Jersey to the east, Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, and Ohio to the west. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle, with an area of mountains and valleys known as the Allegheny Plateau occupying most of its western half. The highest point in Pennsylvania is Mount Davis at 3,213 feet above sea level. To its east are rolling hills and low mountains that make up part of the Piedmont Plateau. Pennsylvania has a number of rivers that flow through it including Susquehanna River which runs along its eastern border and Allegheny River which flows through western Pennsylvania from Pittsburgh to Harrisburg. Pennsylvania also contains two major lakes: Lake Erie in northwestern Pennsylvania and Lake Wallenpaupack in northeastern Pennsylvania. The climate of Pennsylvania varies depending on location but generally consists of humid summers and cold winters with snowfall varying across regions.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Pennsylvania is blessed with a wide variety of natural resources, from forests to minerals. The state’s forests are composed of a variety of hardwood and softwood species, including oak, maple, cherry, and hickory. These forests provide timber for the timber industry as well as recreation opportunities for outdoor enthusiasts. Pennsylvania also has a large mineral resource base, which includes coal, natural gas, and limestone. Coal has been mined in the state for centuries and is still an important part of the state’s economy today. Natural gas is also found in abundance in Pennsylvania and has been used for energy production for many years. Limestone is an important component of building materials used in construction projects across the state. In addition to these resources, Pennsylvania also boasts abundant freshwater resources such as rivers and streams that provide drinking water to many communities throughout the state. Finally, Pennsylvania’s varied terrain provides habitat for a wide variety of wildlife species that are vital to maintaining healthy ecosystems throughout the state.


Pennsylvania is home to a diverse array of flora and fauna. The commonwealth is host to deciduous trees such as oak, maple, beech, and hickory. These species are often found in wooded areas, forests, and along rivers throughout the state. The state also contains evergreen coniferous trees such as spruce and pine that are common in the northern portion of Pennsylvania. Wildflowers like black-eyed Susan, daisy, and trillium can be seen blooming throughout the spring months. In addition to these plants, Pennsylvania also has a variety of shrubs such as mountain laurel, rhododendron, viburnum, and blueberry. These species are often found in forested or wetland habitats or along roadsides. Ferns are also abundant in Pennsylvania; some of the most common varieties include sensitive ferns, royal ferns, ostrich ferns and cinnamon ferns which can all be found within the state’s woodlands. A number of aquatic plants grow in the ponds and streams throughout Pennsylvania including water lilies and pondweed. Invasive species such as garlic mustard can also be found growing alongside native plants in certain areas of the state.


Pennsylvania is home to a diverse range of fauna. The state is home to a variety of mammals, including white-tailed deer, black bears, coyotes, red foxes, beavers, and bobcats. There are also numerous species of amphibians and reptiles inhabiting the state. These include the eastern box turtle, northern water snake, spring peeper, American bullfrog and green frog. Pennsylvania is also home to many species of birds such as the bald eagle, wild turkey and blue jay. In addition to these animals, Pennsylvania also has a wide variety of fish living in its rivers and streams. These include bass, trout and catfish. Pennsylvania also has an abundance of invertebrates such as dragonflies, butterflies and crayfish. There are also numerous species of bats that make their homes throughout the state. All these animals play an important role in maintaining the ecological balance in Pennsylvania’s ecosystem. They provide food for other animals as well as help maintain healthy populations of plants by pollinating them or consuming pests that can damage vegetation.

Pennsylvania Fauna