Ohio Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Ohio is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States, bordered by Michigan, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Indiana. It is the 34th largest state in terms of size and has an area of 44,825 square miles. Ohio’s landscape is diverse with plains in the south and hills in the north. The state’s highest point is Campbell Hill at 1,550 feet above sea level. Ohio also has numerous rivers, including Lake Erie which forms its northern border with Canada. The Ohio River serves as a major waterway for trade and transportation for much of the Midwest. The climate in Ohio is generally temperate with cold winters and warm summers. Winters are usually snowy and springtime brings wet weather to the state. Summers tend to be hot and humid with occasional thunderstorms throughout the season. The fall months bring mild temperatures and gorgeous foliage that cover much of the state during this time of year. Ohio is home to several national parks including Cuyahoga Valley National Park, which features scenic trails along riverside bluffs as well as caves that can be explored by visitors to this park.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Ohio is a state that is rich in natural resources. The state’s landscape is characterized by rolling hills and flat plains, with some areas of lowland near the Great Lakes and the Ohio River. It is home to a variety of flora and fauna, including a wide range of trees, shrubs, grasses, and wildflowers. Ohio’s forests are plentiful and provide important habitat for many species of wildlife including deer, turkey, foxes, owls, bears, and more. The state also has numerous waterways such as rivers, streams, lakes, ponds and wetlands that provide habitats for fish and other aquatic life. Ohio also has abundant mineral resources including coal deposits in the Appalachian Plateau region as well as oil deposits in the western part of the state. Natural gas reserves can be found throughout Ohio along with limestone quarries which supply much of the material used to make cement for construction projects. There are also numerous sandstone quarries which provide materials used to make glass products. In addition to these resources Ohio is home to many beautiful parks and recreational areas that allow visitors to enjoy nature in its purest form.


Ohio is home to a wide variety of flora, ranging from trees and shrubs to grasses, flowers, and aquatic plants. The most common trees are oak, maple, hickory, ash, and beech. The state also supports a diverse array of shrubs including red cedar, dogwood, viburnum, and hawthorn. Common grasses found in Ohio are bluegrass, fescue, timothy grass, and brome. Wildflowers can be seen all over the state in prairies, meadows and forests. Common flowers include purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea), black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta), wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis), blue vervain (Verbena hastata) and Indian paintbrush (Castilleja coccinea). There are also a number of aquatic plants found in Ohio waters such as water lilies (Nymphaea odorata) and pondweeds (Potamogeton spp.). These plants provide food for wildlife as well as aesthetic beauty to the state’s waters. In addition to these native species there are also many species of non-native plants that have become naturalized in Ohio such as multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora) and autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata). Although these species are not native to Ohio they have been growing here for many years providing habitat for wildlife.


Ohio’s diverse landscapes provide a home for a variety of fauna. The state boasts a number of different mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and fish. Mammals such as beaver, raccoon, white-tailed deer, muskrat and opossum are commonly found in Ohio’s woodlands and wetlands. These animals have adapted to living near humans and can often be seen near suburban areas. Ohio is also home to bobcats, coyotes, black bears and even the occasional mountain lion. Reptiles such as box turtles and snakes are also common in Ohio. The red-eared slider turtle is the most popular native species of turtle found in the state. Amphibians like frogs and salamanders are abundant in Ohio’s waterways. Common species include green frogs, bullfrogs, pickerel frogs and American toads. Bird species such as cardinals, blue jays, robins and owls can be spotted throughout the state. Many waterfowl birds such as ducks also thrive in Ohio’s wetlands during migration season each year. Fish are also abundant throughout the state with many lakes providing homes for various species including bass, trout and sunfish. With so much biodiversity present in Ohio it is no wonder that fauna of all kinds can be found across the Buckeye State!

Ohio Fauna