North Dakota Geography

According to Ablogtophone, North Dakota is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is bordered by Minnesota to the east, South Dakota to the south, Montana to the west, and the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba to the north. The state has an area of 70,762 square miles and ranks 19th in size among U.S. states. North Dakota has four distinct geographic regions: The Great Plains, The Missouri Plateau, The Red River Valley, and The Drift Prairie.

The Great Plains region covers much of western North Dakota and is defined by its flat topography and largely treeless landscape. This area is part of a vast grassland stretching from Canada all the way to Mexico known as the Great Plains. This region experiences severe weather with hot summers and cold winters as well as occasional strong winds known as “Dakota Winds” that can reach speeds up to 60 mph.

The Missouri Plateau covers much of eastern North Dakota and is characterized by rolling hills covered with prairie grasses, small patches of woodlands, and scattered lakes and wetlands. This area was once home to millions of bison that roamed freely across its landscape until they were nearly wiped out due to overhunting in the late 1800s.

The Red River Valley lies along North Dakota’s eastern border with Minnesota and is characterized by its rich soil that supports a variety of crops such as wheat, corn, soybeans, sunflowers, barley, oats, flaxseed, potatoes, sugar beets and many others. This fertile land was formed when glacial meltwaters from Lake Agassiz carved out this flat plain thousands of years ago leaving behind rich deposits of silt for agricultural use today.

The Drift Prairie lies in central North Dakota near the Missouri River where it cuts through this region on its way eastward toward Minnesota’s Red River Valley. This area is covered with rolling hills formed during past glacial periods when massive ice sheets melted away leaving behind large deposits of sand called “drift” which created these hilly landscapes today.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, North Dakota is rich in natural resources, including oil and gas, agricultural products, and minerals. Oil and gas are the most abundant natural resources found in North Dakota. The state is the second-largest producer of oil in the United States after Texas. The state’s oil reserves are estimated to be around 4 billion barrels. North Dakota is also one of the top states for natural gas production, with an estimated 11 trillion cubic feet of recoverable natural gas reserves. In addition to oil and gas production, North Dakota also has a large agricultural sector that produces a variety of crops and livestock products. Wheat, corn, barley, oats, alfalfa hay, canola seed, potatoes, soybeans, sugar beets and flaxseed are just some of the crops grown in the state. Livestock production includes cattle ranching as well as hogs and sheep raising.

In addition to its abundant energy sources and agricultural production, North Dakota also has a wealth of minerals that can be mined for commercial use. These include coal for energy production; gold; limestone; sandstone; silica sand; asphalt; shale; clay; titanium oxide; graphite; uranium oxide; lead ore; zinc ore; molybdenum concentrate and quartzite to name a few. Coal mining is especially important to North Dakota’s economy as it provides jobs for thousands of workers across the state. Uranium mining has grown significantly over recent years due to increased demand from nuclear power plants across the nation looking for fuel sources. Other minerals mined include iron ore which is used in steel manufacturing as well as gypsum which is used in wallboard manufacturing throughout North America.


The state of North Dakota is home to a wide variety of plant life, including deciduous trees, conifers, and grasses. Deciduous trees are most commonly found in the eastern part of the state and include species such as American elm, cottonwood, hackberry, boxelder maple and oak. Coniferous trees such as white spruce and balsam fir are more common in the western part of North Dakota. Grasses are also abundant in this state; some of the most common varieties are big bluestem, little bluestem, Indian grass and switchgrass. These grasses can be found growing in prairies and savannas throughout the state. In addition to these plants, wildflowers can be found growing throughout North Dakota; some of the more common varieties include lupine, purple coneflower and black-eyed susan. The wide variety of plant life throughout North Dakota provides habitat for many different species of birds, mammals and other wildlife that call this state home.


North Dakota is home to a variety of fauna species. The most numerous mammal species in the state is the white-tailed deer, which can be found in many parts of the state. Other mammals include coyotes, foxes, raccoons, skunks, badgers, beavers and muskrats. The state also has a wide variety of bird species; some of the more common birds are bald eagles, pheasants, ducks and geese. North Dakota also has several species of reptiles and amphibians such as snakes and frogs.

The state’s grasslands provide habitat for numerous large animal species such as American bison, elk and pronghorn antelope. These animals are often seen grazing on prairies or along rivers or lakes in the summertime. Another interesting animal is the prairie dog; it can be found living in colonies on the prairies of North Dakota where they build burrows for their homes. The swift fox is another small mammal that inhabits this region; it prefers open grasslands where it hunts small rodents and other prey items. North Dakota also has a number of predatory bird species such as hawks and owls that hunt small mammals for food.

North Dakota Fauna