New York Geography

According to Ablogtophone, New York is located in the Northeastern region of the United States and is bordered by Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont. The Appalachian Mountains are located to the west of the state, while the Adirondack Mountains are located to the north. The Hudson River flows through New York from north to south and empties into the Atlantic Ocean at New York City. The Great Lakes also border New York on its western side.

The terrain of New York is mostly flat with rolling hills in some areas. The area around Lake Ontario is relatively flat, while other parts of upstate New York have more rugged terrain with higher elevations. The Finger Lakes region is known for its hilly landscape and deep valleys created by glaciers during the last Ice Age. In addition to this terrain variety, there are many rivers and streams that run throughout the state which can provide recreational activities such as fishing or kayaking.

New York has a variety of climates ranging from humid continental in upstate regions to humid subtropical climates near Long Island Sound and along the Hudson Valley. Winters tend to be cold with occasional snowstorms while summers can be hot and humid. Springtime sees temperatures rise steadily until summer arrives with warmer temperatures and more frequent precipitation events. Fall brings cooler temperatures again as well as changing foliage colors throughout much of upstate New York.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, New York is a state that is blessed with an abundance of natural resources. The most abundant resource in New York is its forests, which cover more than 6 million acres of land. These forests provide the state with timber, paper products, and firewood. New York also has an abundance of freshwater sources, including over 7,500 lakes and ponds and over 70,000 miles of rivers and streams. This freshwater is used for drinking water, industrial processes, recreation, and irrigation. The state also has significant deposits of coal, oil, and natural gas that are used to generate electricity for homes and businesses across the state. Additionally, New York has a variety of mineral resources such as salt and gypsum that are mined to be used in various industries. Lastly, the state is home to numerous wildlife species including deer, bear, foxes, raccoons, geese, ducks and many more. All these natural resources are important for providing food for local populations as well as providing jobs for citizens across the state.


New York is home to a diverse array of flora, including both native and non-native species. The state is divided into several distinct regions, each with its own unique plant life. In the Adirondack Mountains in the northern part of the state, conifers such as eastern hemlock, white pine, and red spruce dominate the landscape. These trees are often accompanied by shrubs such as mountain laurel and blueberry bushes. In the Hudson Valley and Catskills region of New York, deciduous trees such as oaks, maples, hickories and beeches are abundant. These trees are usually accompanied by a variety of wildflowers like trilliums, violets and fireweed. The southern part of New York has a much different vegetation profile than the north due to its warmer climate. Trees such as sweetgum, live oak and southern red cedar are common here along with shrubs like wax myrtle and yaupon holly. Wildflowers like coreopsis, black-eyed susan and lantana can be found in this region too. No matter where you go in New York you’re sure to find an interesting variety of plants that make up this unique state’s flora!


New York is home to a wide variety of fauna, ranging from small mammals and birds to large mammals. Small mammals like raccoons, opossums, squirrels, and mice can be seen in both urban and rural areas throughout the state. Birds are also prevalent in New York, with a variety of species such as robins, blue jays, cardinals, woodpeckers, owls and hawks being seen all over the state. Larger mammals like deer, black bears, coyotes and bobcats are found mainly in rural areas as well as some parks. There is also a wide variety of fish found in the many rivers and lakes throughout New York State such as salmon, trout and bass. Reptiles such as turtles can also be found living in the ponds and wetlands of the state. With such a diverse landscape it’s no surprise that New York is home to so much wildlife.

New York Fauna