Minnesota Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Minnesota is located in the Midwestern region of the United States, bordered by Lake Superior and Wisconsin to the east, Iowa to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota to the west, and Canada’s Manitoba Province to the north. The state has a total area of 86,943 square miles, making it the 12th largest state in terms of size. Minnesota is divided into 87 counties, with a majority of them located in Greater Minnesota. The state is known for its diverse geography which includes forests, prairies, rolling hills and bluffs along with 10,000 lakes. Minnesota’s highest point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet above sea level while its lowest point is Lake Superior at 602 feet above sea level. Much of Minnesota’s landscape is covered by forests with coniferous species such as pine and fir dominating much of northern Minnesota. In addition to its many lakes that are scattered throughout most parts of the state there are also some large rivers including the Mississippi River which forms much of Minnesota’s eastern border.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Minnesota is home to a number of natural resources, from its abundance of water to its rich forests. The state has an estimated 10,000 lakes and countless rivers, streams and wetlands. These waters provide a variety of recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. Minnesota’s forests are home to a diverse array of species, including white-tailed deer, black bears, bobcats, bald eagles and more. They also provide the state with a sustainable source of timber for the construction industry and other uses. The state also has several mineral deposits, including iron ore and taconite which are used in steelmaking. Natural gas is another important natural resource in Minnesota; it is used both for heating homes and as a fuel source for electricity generation. Finally, Minnesota has an abundance of fertile soils that support agricultural production throughout the state. From corn to soybeans to wheat, these soils provide farmers with abundant yields each year while also supporting dairy farms that produce milk and other dairy products for consumption across the Midwest.


Minnesota is known for its abundance of flora, with over 3,500 species of vascular plants, bryophytes, and fungi documented in the state. Minnesota is home to a wide range of vegetation including grasses, shrubs, deciduous trees and conifers. The state has a wide variety of habitats ranging from wetlands to prairies and forests. Some of the most abundant plant species include northern white cedar, red maple, quaking aspen, white spruce and balsam fir. In addition to these native species there are many exotic species that have been introduced into Minnesota by humans. Common introduced species include dandelion, wild garlic mustard and Canada thistle. The prairies of Minnesota contain some of the most diverse plant communities in the world with over 800 native species found in this habitat alone. These prairie communities consist of grasses such as big bluestem and indiangrass along with wildflowers like purple coneflower and rattlesnake master. Wetlands are also an important habitat for many plant species including cattails and sedges as well as several rare orchids such as yellow lady’s-slipper orchid and ram’s-head lady’s-slipper orchid. Forest habitats contain a vast array of tree species such as oaks, hickories, maples and pines which provide essential food sources for wildlife throughout the year. Overall Minnesota is home to an incredibly diverse range of flora making it one of the most ecologically diverse states in North America!


Minnesota is home to a variety of fauna, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish. Mammals such as white-tailed deer and beavers can be found throughout the state as well as smaller rodents like raccoons and squirrels. Minnesota is also home to the gray wolf and black bear. The state is also known for its large population of moose, which can be found in the northern part of the state. Birds are abundant in Minnesota, with some species like bald eagles nesting here year-round. Other common birds include ducks, geese, owls and hawks. Reptiles that can be found in Minnesota include snapping turtles, garter snakes and chorus frogs. Amphibians such as wood frogs and tiger salamanders also live in Minnesota’s wetlands. Fish species native to Minnesota include largemouth bass, northern pike and walleye which are popular among anglers. Other aquatic creatures such as muskrats and beavers can also be found in many of the state’s lakes and rivers. With its diverse fauna population, Minnesota offers visitors a unique opportunity to explore both land-based wildlife as well as aquatic life within its borders.

Minnesota Fauna