Michigan Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Michigan is a state located in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. It is bordered by Wisconsin and Illinois to the west, Indiana to the south, Ohio to the east, and Lake Huron, Lake Michigan and Lake Superior to the north. The state’s capital is Lansing. Michigan has a total area of 96,716 square miles, making it the 11th largest state in terms of land area. The geography of Michigan is divided into five distinct regions: the Upper Peninsula, Lower Peninsula, Northern Lowlands, Central Lowlands and Southern Highlands.

The Upper Peninsula covers nearly 29% of Michigan’s total land area and is made up of rugged hills with hundreds of lakes and rivers. This region has a more extreme climate with cold winters and warm summers. The Lower Peninsula makes up 71% of Michigan’s total land area but only 30% of its population resides there due to its hilly terrain. This region has a more moderate climate with warm summers and cool winters. The Northern Lowlands are located in northern Michigan along Lake Huron’s shoreline and are made up mostly of flat plains composed mainly of sand dunes along its beaches. This region experiences colder temperatures than other parts of Michigan due to its proximity to Lake Huron. The Central Lowlands are located in central Michigan near Grand Rapids and have some rolling hills but are mostly flat plains with fertile soil for farming purposes. This region experiences milder temperatures than other parts of Michigan due to its location away from any major bodies of water. Lastly, the Southern Highlands are located in southern Michigan near Detroit and contain rolling hills composed mainly sedimentary rocks such as limestone making it ideal for farming purposes like growing fruits such as apples or cherries or raising livestock like cows or sheep due to its milder temperatures than other regions in Michigan

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Michigan is home to a variety of natural resources that make it a great place to live and work. The state is known for its abundance of freshwater, with more than 11,000 inland lakes and 36,000 miles of rivers and streams. Michigan is also home to the Great Lakes, which provide an abundance of fresh water to the region. In addition, Michigan has vast forests and woodlands that provide timber for building materials as well as recreational areas for camping, hiking, fishing, and hunting. Michigan is also rich in minerals such as iron ore, copper, sandstone, limestone and gypsum that are mined for use in construction projects. Natural gas reserves can be found in parts of the state as well. The state’s agricultural industry benefits from its rich soil deposits which are used to grow a wide variety of crops including corn, soybeans, wheat and other grains. Finally, Michigan’s many parks provide outdoor recreational activities like swimming and boating on the Great Lakes or hiking through its forests.


Michigan is home to a variety of flora, ranging from wildflowers and trees to grasses and shrubs. Wildflowers are abundant in Michigan, with over 400 species native to the state. The most common wildflowers include lupine, coneflowers, sunflowers, daisies, and trilliums. Trees are also plentiful in Michigan, with several species of both deciduous and evergreen trees being native to the state. These include oak trees, maple trees, ash trees, white pine trees, hemlock trees, and spruces. Grasses are also found throughout Michigan’s landscape. Popular grasses include fescues, bluegrass, ryegrass, brome grasses and bentgrass. Lastly, shrubs can be found throughout the state as well. These include evergreen huckleberry shrubs and lowbush blueberry shrubs as well as deciduous viburnum shrubs and sumac shrubs. All of these plants work together to provide habitat for wildlife such as deer, rabbits and birds while also providing beauty for those who take the time to appreciate them.


Michigan is home to a variety of fauna, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates. The most common mammals found in Michigan include white-tailed deer, coyotes, beavers, red foxes, raccoons and opossums. White-tailed deer are the most abundant large mammal in Michigan and are found throughout the state. Coyotes are found mainly in the northern and western parts of the state while beavers are found mainly in wetlands and along streams. Red foxes inhabit wooded areas throughout the state while raccoons tend to be more common in urban areas. Opossums prefer heavily wooded areas with plenty of water sources.

Birds are also abundant in Michigan with over 400 species present throughout the year. Common species include cardinals, blue jays, mourning doves and great blue herons. Canada geese can be seen throughout much of Michigan during migration season as well as trumpeter swans near Lake Michigan during winter months. Other waterfowl such as mallards and wood ducks can also be seen near bodies of water in both rural and urban areas. Raptors like bald eagles, hawks and owls can also be seen during migration season or nesting periods depending on their species.

Michigan Fauna