Maryland Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Maryland is located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordered by Washington D.C., Virginia, West Virginia, and Delaware. It has an area of 12,407 square miles, making it the 42nd largest state. The majority of Maryland lies in the Atlantic Coastal Plain, a flat region that stretches from southern New Jersey to northern Florida. The Coastal Plain is divided into two sections: The Eastern Shore and the Western Shore. The Eastern Shore is made up of lowlands that are mostly marshlands and wetlands, while the Western Shore is more hilly and includes rolling hills and valleys. The highest point in Maryland is Hoye-Crest at 3,360 feet above sea level. It is located in Garrett County in western Maryland near the border with West Virginia.

The Chesapeake Bay dominates Maryland’s coastline, stretching over 200 miles from Havre de Grace on the north end to Norfolk on the south end. This large estuary supports a variety of aquatic life and provides recreational activities such as fishing, swimming, sailing, and crabbing for locals and tourists alike. Many rivers also flow through Maryland including the Potomac River which forms part of the boundary between Maryland and Washington D.C., as well as other rivers like Susquehanna River and Patuxent River which flow into Chesapeake Bay. In addition to its waterways, Maryland also has a number of lakes including Deep Creek Lake in western Maryland which offers winter skiing opportunities for visitors from all over the world.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Maryland is home to a large variety of natural resources. Forests, wetlands, and agricultural land cover over half of the state’s land area. In the western part of the state, the Appalachian Mountains are home to significant timber reserves and provide scenic views for outdoor enthusiasts. Maryland is also home to many rivers and streams, including the Potomac River, which forms part of its northern border with Washington DC and Virginia. Additionally, Maryland has over 3,000 miles of tidal shoreline along its Atlantic coast. The Chesapeake Bay is one of the largest estuaries in the United States and provides habitat for a variety of fish and marine life, as well as recreational activities like fishing and boating. The bay also supports local industries such as crabbing and oyster farming. In addition to these resources, Maryland is blessed with plenty of sunshine which makes it ideal for solar energy production. There are several large-scale solar farms in operation across the state that generate electricity from renewable sources. Finally, Maryland has significant coal reserves that are used to generate electricity throughout much of the state.


Maryland’s flora includes a variety of deciduous trees, shrubs, grasses, and flowers. The state is home to numerous species of trees, including oak, maple, hickory, elm, ash, sweetgum and tulip poplar. Shrubs such as azaleas and rhododendrons are common in the state. Many species of grasses can be found in Maryland’s meadows and fields. Grasses like blue grass and fescues are common throughout the state. Wildflowers are abundant in Maryland too; some of the most popular species include daisies, buttercups, chicory and violets. Wetland areas such as marshes and swamps contain a variety of aquatic plants like cattails and sedges as well as freshwater plants like water lilies and pickerelweed. Finally, Maryland is home to many rare plants such as the threatened Eastern Prickly Pear Cactus which can only be found on certain islands in the Chesapeake Bay. Maryland’s diverse flora provides a unique habitat for many species of wildlife which depend on these plants for food or shelter.


Maryland is home to a diverse array of fauna. The state is home to many species of mammals, including white-tailed deer, black bears, and beavers. There are also numerous species of birds that can be found in the state, such as bald eagles, wild turkeys, and cardinals. In addition to these animals, there are a variety of reptiles and amphibians that can be found in Maryland. These include box turtles, American toads, and five-lined skinks. The state also has an array of aquatic creatures living in its rivers and streams – from fish such as the striped bass to freshwater mussels like the eastern elliptio mussel. Maryland also has several species of invertebrates that can be found on land or in water – including dragonflies, butterflies, and crayfish. Finally, the state also boasts a wide range of plants that provide food and shelter for its diverse wildlife population – from trees like oaks and maples to shrubs like mountain laurel and huckleberries.

Maryland Fauna