Kentucky Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Kentucky is located in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by seven states: Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee and Missouri. The state has a total area of 40,409 square miles with a maximum length of 379 miles and a maximum width of 150 miles. The state is divided into five distinct regions: the Bluegrass Region in the north-central part of the state; the Pennyroyal Plateau in the southwestern part; the Western Coal Fields in western Kentucky; the Eastern Coalfields in eastern Kentucky; and Appalachian Mountains along its eastern border. The highest point in Kentucky is Black Mountain at 4,145 feet above sea level. There are several rivers that flow through Kentucky including the Cumberland River, Tennessee River and Ohio River. These rivers provide many recreational opportunities such as fishing and boating. Most of the state has a humid subtropical climate with hot summers and mild winters. The average annual temperature ranges from 53 degrees Fahrenheit to 66 degrees Fahrenheit depending on location within the state. Precipitation averages around 44 inches per year with most occurring during late spring and early summer months.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Kentucky is a state blessed with a wealth of natural resources. Forests cover around 60 percent of the state, providing lumber for industry and recreation opportunities for locals and visitors alike. The Appalachian Mountains, which run through eastern Kentucky, are home to numerous species of wildlife including white-tailed deer, black bears, wild turkeys, and elk. These forests also provide habitat for many species of birds such as warblers, hawks, and owls. Kentucky is also home to many rivers and streams that are used for fishing, boating, and other recreational activities. The state’s lakes provide recreational opportunities such as swimming, boating and fishing. In addition to these water resources, Kentucky has numerous mineral deposits including coal, oil and gas reserves that have been mined for energy production over the years. Other natural resources found in Kentucky include limestone quarries used in the construction industry and agricultural land that provides food products to the local population as well as export markets around the world. Finally, Kentucky is home to a variety of ecosystems that support rare plants and animals unique to this region such as the threatened red-cockaded woodpecker found in southern forests.


Kentucky’s diverse terrain has led to a variety of flora in the state. In the east, the Appalachian Mountains host a variety of hardwood species such as oaks, maples, and hickories. The surrounding foothills are home to many shrubs and evergreens such as rhododendrons, mountain laurels, and hemlocks. The central part of the state is home to grasslands with bluegrass and other grasses dominating the landscape. Further west, in the Pennyroyal Plateau region of southwestern Kentucky, there are many species of wildflowers such as trilliums, violets, and hellebores.

The western part of Kentucky is also home to some unusual species that are not found anywhere else in North America. These include carnivorous plants like pitcher plants and sundews found in bogs or wetlands; gentians like fringed gentian; and orchids like showy lady’s slipper orchid. In addition to these unique plants there are also many species of ferns that can be found throughout Kentucky’s forests. The diversity of flora in Kentucky helps make it an interesting place for nature lovers to explore and appreciate nature’s beauty.


Kentucky is home to a wide variety of fauna, including many species of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians. Mammals in Kentucky include the white-tailed deer, opossum, raccoon, red fox, coyote and bobcat. Other mammals found in Kentucky are the beaver, muskrat and mink. Birds in Kentucky include the wild turkey, bald eagle, Canada goose and cardinal. Hawks such as the red-tailed hawk and Cooper’s hawk can also be seen in Kentucky skies. Reptiles such as the box turtle, common snapping turtle and eastern hog-nosed snake can be found throughout the state. The American alligator is also present in some areas of western Kentucky near swamps and wetlands. Amphibians that can be found in Kentucky include various species of frogs like bullfrogs, tree frogs and green frogs as well as salamanders like mudpuppies and hellbenders. Some endangered species that live in Kentucky are Indiana bats, gray bats and West Virginia northern flying squirrels.

Kentucky Fauna