Indiana Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Indiana is a US state located in the midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. It is bordered by Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, and Kentucky to the south and Illinois to the west. The capital of Indiana is Indianapolis and it is also the largest city in the state. The terrain of Indiana varies greatly, with flat plains in the northern part of the state and more hilly areas in the south. The Wabash River runs through Indiana from north to south, while other major rivers include the White River, Tippecanoe River, and Maumee River. There are several large lakes located throughout Indiana including Lake Michigan, Lake Erie, Lake Wawasee, and Lake Maxinkuckee. These bodies of water provide opportunities for recreational activities such as boating and fishing. Indiana also has many forests which are home to a variety of wildlife species including deer, turkeys, coyotes, foxes, raccoons and opossums. Additionally there are many parks located throughout Indiana including Hoosier National Forest which offers camping sites as well as hiking trails for visitors to explore its natural beauty.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Indiana is blessed with a wide range of natural resources. The state has abundant water resources, including two large rivers – the Wabash and the Ohio – as well as many smaller streams and lakes. Indiana’s forests are home to a variety of wildlife, including deer, foxes, raccoons, and turkeys. The state also has rich soils that make it ideal for growing crops such as corn, soybeans, wheat, and hay. In addition to these agricultural products, Indiana is also home to an array of minerals including limestone, coal, iron ore, gypsum, clay and petroleum. These minerals are used in various industries such as construction and manufacturing. The state also boasts a number of parks and preserves that protect its unique ecosystems. Finally, Indiana is home to several species of endangered animals such as the Indiana Bat and the Indiana Dunes Tiger Beetle. With its diverse natural resources available for use by both humans and wildlife alike, it is no wonder why Indiana is so popular with tourists from all over the world.


Indiana has a diverse array of flora, with many species found throughout the state. Trees native to Indiana include oaks, hickories, maples, elms, ashes, and walnuts. Common shrubs include witch hazel and viburnums. Wildflowers are also abundant in Indiana, with species such as purple coneflower and cardinal flower being some of the more easily recognizable ones. The state is also home to several species of ferns and grasses as well as a variety of aquatic plants that can be found in its rivers, lakes, and wetlands. Indiana is a haven for wildflowers with over 700 different species blooming from April through October. In springtime the landscape is covered in wildflowers such as bluebells, trilliums, Dutchman’s Breeches, Virginia Bluebells and Shooting Stars. Many of these wildflowers are also popular garden plants that can be found throughout the state. Indiana is also home to several threatened or endangered plant species including the rare swamp pink orchid which is only found in a few counties in northern Indiana. Other endangered or threatened plants include Rough-Leaf Loosestrife and Small-Flowered Buttercup which are both protected under state law due to their rarity.


Indiana is home to a wide variety of fauna, including mammals, reptiles, birds, amphibians, and insects. The state’s most abundant mammal is the white-tailed deer. Other common mammals include coyotes, raccoons, opossums, skunks, muskrats, beavers, and groundhogs. Indiana also has an abundance of bats. The state is home to 13 species of bat including the big brown bat and the Indiana bat which is an endangered species.

Reptiles are also abundant in Indiana with some of the more common species being eastern box turtles, snapping turtles and painted turtles. Garter snakes are also commonly found in Indiana as well as some larger varieties like water snakes and rat snakes. Amphibians are plentiful in Indiana with frogs being especially abundant. Some of the more common frogs include green frogs, bullfrogs and spring peepers while salamanders such as mudpuppies can often be found along river banks or near wetland areas throughout the state.

Insects are plentiful in Indiana with many varieties of butterflies such as monarchs and swallowtails being particularly common during summer months when they migrate through the state on their way south for winter months. Dragonflies can often be found near ponds or streams while crickets and grasshoppers inhabit open fields throughout Indiana during warmer months.

Indiana Fauna