Illinois Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Illinois is located in the Midwest region of the United States, bordered by Wisconsin to the north, Iowa to the west, Kentucky and Indiana to the south, and Michigan across Lake Michigan to the east. The state has an area of 57,914 square miles and is relatively flat in comparison with other states. The topography of Illinois consists mainly of prairies and woodlands. The northern part of Illinois is a fertile plain known as the Central Plains that stretches from Lake Michigan all the way to Wisconsin. This area contains some of Illinois’ most productive agricultural land and is known for its rich soil and plentiful water resources. Further south lies a region called the Grand Prairie which is characterized by rolling hills and open meadows. This region also contains some of Illinois’ most important natural resources such as coal and oil deposits. To the west lies an area called the Driftless Area which consists mostly of plateaus, bluffs, valleys, and streams carved out by glaciers thousands of years ago during the last ice age. Finally, there are several rivers that crisscross Illinois such as the Mississippi River in its western border near St Louis; several tributaries feed into this river including Rock River in northern Illinois near Rockford; Kaskaskia River in central Illinois near Vandalia; Des Plaines River in northeastern Illinois near Chicago; Ohio River on its southern border near Cairo; Wabash River on its eastern border near Mount Carmel; White River on its southeastern border near Evansville; and Big Muddy River further south near Murphysboro.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Illinois is home to a wide variety of natural resources, including forests, wetlands, prairies, and rivers. The state’s forests are home to a variety of hardwood trees, including oak and hickory. These forests provide habitat for a variety of wildlife species, including white-tailed deer and wild turkeys. Illinois also has numerous wetlands, which provide important habitat for waterfowl and other wetland-dependent species. The state’s prairies are home to native grasses and wildflowers that provide important food sources for pollinators like bees and butterflies. Additionally, the state has many rivers that provide recreational opportunities like fishing and boating. Illinois’ rivers are also essential habitats for numerous fish species such as smallmouth bass, channel catfish, and walleye. Finally, Illinois is home to an abundance of mineral resources such as coal and sandstone that are used in construction projects throughout the state.


Illinois is home to an incredibly diverse range of flora, with over 2,000 native species and many more non-native species. The state is divided into several distinct ecological regions, each with its own unique flora. In the northern part of the state, the boreal forest is home to trees like black spruce, balsam fir, white pine, and quaking aspen. In the central and southern parts of Illinois there are deciduous forests dominated by oak and hickory trees, as well as maple and beech trees. The prairies in Illinois are home to grasses like big bluestem and Indian grass, along with wildflowers like purple coneflower and black-eyed Susan. There are also many wetlands throughout the state that have a variety of aquatic plants such as water lilies, cattails, bulrushes, pickerelweed, and arrowhead. Finally, there are many urban areas in Illinois that contain a wide variety of ornamental plants that have been planted for aesthetic reasons or for their economic benefits.


Illinois is home to a variety of fauna, including mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and fish. Mammals such as white-tailed deer, raccoons, opossums, skunks, and coyotes are common in Illinois. The state is also home to a wide variety of birds including cardinals, blue jays, and red-winged blackbirds. Hawks and owls can also be seen in many parts of the state. Illinois is home to many amphibians such as frogs and salamanders which can be found in wetlands across the state. Reptiles such as turtles and snakes are also present in Illinois. There are several species of turtles that can be found in the state such as painted turtles and snapping turtles. As for snakes there are several species including garter snakes, black rat snakes and copperheads which can be found in wooded areas throughout the state. Finally there are many species of fish that inhabit lakes and rivers throughout Illinois. Common game fish include largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, walleye, northern pike and catfish. In addition to these species there are also other types of freshwater fish such as minnows, suckers and sunfish which inhabit the waters throughout the state.

Illinois Fauna