Idaho Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Idaho is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It is bordered by Montana to the east, Wyoming to the east and northeast, Nevada and Utah to the south, and Washington and Oregon to the west. Idaho is known for its rugged terrain and vast wilderness areas. The state is home to some of the most spectacular mountain ranges in North America, including the Rocky Mountains, Bitterroots, Clearwater Mountains, Sawtooth Range, and White Clouds. Idaho also has numerous lakes, rivers, and streams throughout its landscape. There are many recreational activities available in Idaho such as camping, fishing, hunting, skiing and snowboarding. In addition to its many outdoor activities Idaho also has a rich cultural history with Native American tribes such as Nez Perce Tribe located in Lapwai near Lewiston. Idaho’s capital city of Boise is home to many museums that feature both local history and art displays from around the world. The state also has several national parks that are great for hiking or camping including Yellowstone National Park which straddles both Wyoming and Montana borders. Additionally there are numerous ski resorts located throughout Idaho that provide excellent skiing opportunities during winter months.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Idaho is home to a wide variety of natural resources, including timber, minerals, and wildlife. Idaho’s forests are home to an abundance of trees, including Douglas fir, ponderosa pine, western larch, whitebark pine, and western hemlock. These trees provide lumber for the state’s construction industry and create habitat for a variety of wildlife species. Idaho also has numerous mineral deposits, such as silver, gold, zinc, lead, copper and molybdenum. The mining industry has been important to Idaho’s economy since the mid-1800s. Wildlife in Idaho includes elk, deer, antelope and bighorn sheep as well as bald eagles and migratory birds. The state also has abundant fish species like salmon and steelhead trout that inhabit Idaho’s rivers and streams. Outdoor recreation opportunities abound in Idaho due to its large tracts of undeveloped public land and vast wilderness areas. The Sawtooth Mountains offer some of the best hiking in the country while Hells Canyon is one of the deepest gorges in North America. Additionally, many of Idaho’s rivers are great for rafting or kayaking trips.


Idaho is home to a wide variety of flora. Some of the most common plants found in Idaho include ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, western larch, white fir, western red cedar, and grand fir. These conifers are some of the most abundant trees in Idaho and provide a habitat for many other species of plants. Aside from conifers, there are also many deciduous trees such as quaking aspen, cottonwood, and paper birch which can all be found throughout much of Idaho. There are also a variety of shrubs that can be found in Idaho including wild rose, snowberry, choke cherry and willow. Additionally, there are many wildflowers that grow throughout the state including lupine and Indian paintbrush which can be seen blooming along roadsides during the springtime. Finally, there are several species of grasses that thrive in Idaho’s climate including bluebunch wheatgrass which is an important food source for many wildlife species. All together these different types of flora create a unique ecosystem that helps support various wildlife species in Idaho.


Idaho is home to a variety of fauna, including large and small mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish. The state has a diverse landscape that supports a variety of habitats for these animals. The Rocky Mountains in the north are home to species like elk and mule deer while the high desert in the south is populated by pronghorn antelope and bighorn sheep. Idaho also has numerous wetland habitats where waterfowl such as ducks and geese can be found. In addition to terrestrial mammals, Idaho also has a wide range of aquatic life in its rivers and lakes. Fish species found in Idaho include cutthroat trout, chinook salmon, steelhead trout, northern pike, smallmouth bass and largemouth bass. Reptiles prevalent in the state include rattlesnakes, garter snakes, bullsnakes, painted turtles and snapping turtles. Amphibians such as American bullfrogs and western toads can be found throughout the state’s wetlands. Lastly, birds are abundant in Idaho with more than 300 species regularly sighted each year including bald eagles, American kestrels, mountain bluebirds and golden eagles.

Idaho Fauna