Colorado Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Colorado is located in the western United States, bordered by Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, and touches Arizona in the southwest corner. Colorado is a mountainous state with most of its terrain consisting of plateaus and valleys. The Rocky Mountains run from north to south throughout most of Colorado’s length. There are four major mountain ranges within Colorado: The Front Range which runs along the eastern edge of Colorado; The Sangre de Cristo Range which runs along the southern edge; The San Juan Mountains which are located in southwestern Colorado; and The Sawatch Range which is located in central Colorado. Topping out at 14,440 feet above sea level, Mount Elbert is the highest peak in both Colorado and all of the Rocky Mountains. Within these mountain ranges are numerous other peaks over 14,000 feet high including Longs Peak (14,256 ft), Mount Evans (14,265 ft), Pikes Peak (14,110 ft) and Grays Peak (14,270 ft).

In addition to its many mountain peaks, Colorado also has many rivers that flow throughout its terrain. These rivers create numerous valleys that provide for a variety of ecosystems for wildlife. Some of these rivers include: The Arkansas River which flows through southeastern Colorado; The South Platte River which flows through northeastern Colorado; The Rio Grande River which forms part of its border with New Mexico; And finally The Colorado River which forms part of its border with Utah and serves as a major source for water throughout much of western United States.

In addition to its rugged terrain and diverse wildlife found within it’s mountains and valleys, there are also numerous other geographical features within this state including canyons such as Black Canyon Of Gunnison National Park and Royal Gorge Park; hot springs such as those found at Glenwood Springs or Ouray Hot Springs Resort; sand dunes such as those found at Great Sand Dunes National Park & Preserve; and lakes such as Grand Lake or Blue Mesa Reservoir. All these features combined make up what makes up this beautiful state known as “Colorado”.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Colorado is home to a wide variety of natural resources, ranging from abundant forests and rivers to vast deserts and mountain ranges. The state also has an abundance of mineral resources such as gold, silver, uranium, molybdenum, coal, oil and natural gas. Colorado’s forests are home to a wide variety of wildlife species including elk, deer, bighorn sheep, black bears, cougars and bald eagles. There are also numerous species of fish in the state’s lakes and rivers such as trout, bass and catfish. Colorado is also known for its many hot springs which provide a unique recreational opportunity for visitors. The Rocky Mountains are home to some of the most spectacular scenery in the United States with jagged peaks reaching heights over fourteen thousand feet. The mountains contain some of the most diverse ecosystems in North America with alpine meadows and tundra at higher elevations while pinyon-juniper woodlands dominate lower elevations. Colorado is also renowned for its rich cultural heritage with numerous historic sites throughout the state that reflect its Native American roots. From ancient cliff dwellings to modern day reservations there is much to explore in Colorado’s past. There are also many recreational opportunities such as skiing, snowboarding, hiking and camping which can be enjoyed year round in Colorado’s spectacular outdoors. With so many natural resources available it is easy to see why so many people choose to call this beautiful state home!


Colorado’s flora is incredibly diverse and abundant, ranging from alpine tundra to dry desert lands. In the higher elevations of the Rockies, you will find a variety of evergreen trees such as Rocky Mountain juniper, Engelmann spruce, subalpine fir, and lodgepole pine. The lower elevations are home to an array of shrubs such as sagebrush, rabbitbrush, and chamisa. Colorado’s unique environment also supports a wide variety of wildflowers including columbines, lupines, paintbrushes and asters. In addition to these plants, there are a number of grasses that grow in the state including blue grama grass and western wheatgrass. Colorado is home to numerous species of cacti such as prickly pear cactus and yucca. The state also has an abundance of wildflowers with more than 700 species in total. These flowers can be found growing in meadows across the state as well as along roadsides and mountain trails. Colorado is home to many other types of plants such as mosses and lichens that can be found growing on rocks or in crevices along mountain trails. Other notable plants include wild roses that thrive in wetter areas near streams or lakes. Aspen trees can also be found throughout the state with their white barked trunks adding beauty to any landscape they inhabit.


Colorado is home to a wide range of fauna, including large mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish. Some of the state’s most iconic animals are the Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep, mule deer, elk, pronghorn antelope, black bears and mountain lions. The state is also home to more than 400 species of birds including bald eagles and other raptors. Colorado is home to numerous reptiles such as rattlesnakes and lizards as well as many species of amphibians such as frogs and salamanders. The state also has a thriving population of fish in its many rivers including trout, bass and catfish. Additionally there is a variety of aquatic life including crayfish and mussels that inhabit the streams throughout the state. Colorado also has a diverse array of invertebrates such as butterflies, dragonflies, spiders and beetles. In addition to the land-based wildlife that can be found in Colorado there are also numerous species that inhabit the waters off its coast in the Gulf of Mexico. These include sea turtles, dolphins, sharks and whales that migrate through these waters each year on their way to warmer climates during winter months.

Colorado Fauna