Alaska Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Alaska is the largest state in the United States by area, spanning over 663,300 square miles. It is bordered by Canada to the east and separated from Russia to the west by the Bering Strait. The geography of Alaska includes rugged mountains, deep fjords, abundant forests, and numerous rivers and streams. The highest point in Alaska is Mount Denali at 20,310 feet above sea level. The Chugach Mountains run along the south-central region while the Brooks Range runs along the northern part of the state. Much of Alaska’s interior consists of boreal forest or tundra and contains many large rivers such as Yukon River and Copper River. The Aleutian Islands are located off Alaska’s southwestern coast extending into the Pacific Ocean, where you can find active volcanoes like Mount Veniaminof on Unimak Island. Along most of Alaska’s coastline you will find numerous glaciers including Hubbard Glacier which is one of North America’s largest tidewater glaciers. Wildlife in Alaska includes moose, caribou, bears, whales and countless species of birds that migrate to its temperate rainforests each year.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Alaska is home to an abundance of natural resources. The state is well known for its wealth of oil and gas reserves, as well as its plentiful fisheries. Alaska’s economy relies heavily on these resources, and they have been exploited by the state and private companies for many years. In addition to oil and gas, Alaska also has an abundance of minerals such as gold, silver, zinc, copper, lead, and uranium. These minerals are mainly used in industrial applications. The state also has a large timber industry which produces wood products such as lumber, pulpwood, and paper products. Alaska’s forests are home to a variety of wildlife species including moose, caribou, wolves, bears, wolverines, beavers and more. These animals provide important sources of food for the people who live in the region. Additionally the state’s rivers are filled with fish such as salmon which are harvested by commercial fishermen from around the world. Finally Alaska is home to some of the most stunning landscapes in the world providing breathtaking views that attract millions of tourists each year from all over the globe.


Alaska is home to a wide variety of flora, from the boreal forest to the tundra. The boreal forest is a vast expanse of evergreen conifers and deciduous trees, such as spruce, birch, aspen, and cottonwood. These trees form dense canopies that provide habitat for numerous species of birds and mammals. The understory of the boreal forest is filled with shrubs like blueberry and bearberry, as well as grasses, sedges, and mosses. In addition to these trees and shrubs, Alaska is also home to a wide variety of wildflowers. Some of these wildflowers are common throughout much of Alaska while others are found only in certain areas.

The tundra biome covers much of Alaska’s northern reaches, extending southward into Canada’s Yukon Territory. The tundra landscape consists mostly of low-growing plants such as grasses, sedges, mosses, lichens and shrubs like dwarf willow and heather. In the summer months when temperatures rise slightly above freezing for extended periods of time each day, many wildflowers bloom in profusion on the tundra including fireweed which is one of Alaska’s state flowers. Arctic poppies are also common in some areas along with forget-me-nots which are often seen hugging the ground near streams or ponds.


Alaska is home to a wide variety of fauna, from majestic mammals to diverse birds and fish. The state is home to some of the largest land mammals, including the iconic grizzly bear and moose. These animals can be found in many parts of Alaska, but their populations are concentrated in the interior and along the coast. Other large mammals found in Alaska include black bears, wolves, lynx, foxes, wolverines, and caribou. Smaller mammals such as squirrels and rabbits can also be found throughout the state.

Birds are a major part of Alaska’s fauna as well. Over 400 species of birds have been reported in the state, many of which migrate through Alaska each year on their journey between their summer breeding grounds and wintering sites further south. Among these are bald eagles, hawks, owls, cranes, loons, sandpipers, hummingbirds and more. Waterfowl such as ducks and geese can also be seen throughout much of Alaska during migrations or when they take up residence along lakes or rivers for breeding seasons. Fish are also plentiful in Alaska’s waters with over 200 species making up an important part of the food chain for larger animals as well as providing an important source of food for people living in coastal communities. Salmon are perhaps the most iconic fish species associated with Alaskan waters due to their abundance throughout much of the state’s coastal regions during spawning seasons each year.

Alaska Fauna