Alabama Geography

According to Ablogtophone, Alabama is located in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, and Florida to the south. The Gulf of Mexico lies to the south, and Mississippi lies to the west. Alabama has a total land area of 52,423 square miles, making it the 30th largest state in terms of size. It is divided into 67 counties with a population of 4.9 million people as of 2019.

The geography of Alabama can be divided into three main regions; central plains, coastal plain and Appalachian foothills. The central plains cover most of Alabama’s interior and consist mostly of flat lands. This region has some rolling hills but is mostly flat and includes cities such as Birmingham, Montgomery and Huntsville. The coastal plain covers mostly southern Alabama and includes Mobile Bay, which serves as an inlet for shipping from around the world. This region also includes wetlands that are home to many species of wildlife including alligators and bald eagles. The Appalachian foothills cover northern Alabama and include mountains such as Mount Cheaha which stands at 2,407 feet tall making it the highest point in Alabama. This region also includes popular tourist attractions such as Lookout Mountain which offers stunning views over Tennessee Valley from its peak at 2,392 feet above sea level.

Natural resources

According to Bittranslators, Alabama is rich in natural resources, from its abundant forests and rivers to its diverse soils and minerals. Forests cover more than two-thirds of the state, with longleaf pines, hardwoods, and other species providing lumber for furniture and construction. The rivers of Alabama provide water for drinking, irrigation, energy production, and recreation. The state’s diverse soils range from clay to sandy loam to loamy sand. These soils are used for agricultural production or other activities such as forestry and mining. Alabama’s minerals are also important natural resources; they include coal, natural gas, oil, limestone, clay and gravel. Coal is used primarily for electric power generation; limestone is used as a building material; gravel is used in road construction; clay is used to make bricks; and oil is used in manufacturing processes. Natural gas can be found in abundance across the state as well as offshore along the Gulf Coast. Alabama’s water resources are also valuable assets; lakes provide recreational opportunities for fishing or boating while rivers provide navigation routes for commerce and transportation.


Alabama is home to a diverse array of flora, ranging from evergreen trees to flowering plants. The state is home to a wide variety of trees, including white and red oaks, shortleaf pines, bald cypresses, sweetgums and hickories. Other species include the southern magnolia, loblolly pine and eastern red cedar. Alabama’s forests are also home to many flowering plants such as azaleas, camellias, rhododendrons and wildflowers. There are many types of shrubs found in the state including blueberries, elderberries and viburnums. Alabama is also known for its abundance of wildflowers such as black-eyed Susan’s and bluebonnets. One of the most popular wildflowers in the state is the goldenrod which blooms in late summer or early fall. The state is also home to several ferns such as maidenhair ferns and royal ferns which can be found growing along streams or in moist woodlands. Mosses are also plentiful throughout Alabama’s forests and fields giving them a unique look during the springtime months when they are covered with vibrant green mosses.


Alabama is home to a wide variety of fauna, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish. Mammals found in Alabama include white-tailed deer, raccoons, opossums, coyotes, armadillos, bobcats and black bears. White-tailed deer are the most commonly seen mammal in the state and are found in both rural and urban areas. Raccoons are abundant throughout the state and can be seen foraging for food around homes and businesses. Opossums are also quite common in Alabama with their range extending across the entire state. Coyotes can be found mostly in rural areas of the state but have been known to move into suburban areas as well. Armadillos have become increasingly common throughout Alabama over the past several decades and can now be seen in many locations across the state. Bobcats are relatively rare but can still be found in some parts of Alabama while black bears are primarily located in mountainous regions of northern Alabama.

Birds make up a large portion of wildlife in Alabama with over 400 species calling it home. Some of these species include wild turkeys, bald eagles, ospreys, owls, cardinals, woodpeckers and hummingbirds. Wild turkeys can be seen throughout much of Alabama while bald eagles mainly stay near large bodies of water such as rivers or lakes where they feed on fish. Ospreys also prefer to stay near water sources where they hunt for fish to feed on while owls tend to live in wooded areas across the state. Cardinals can be spotted easily due to their bright red coloration while woodpeckers can often be heard tapping away at trees looking for food such as insects or grubs beneath the bark. Hummingbirds are one of the most colorful birds that call Alabama home with many different species visiting during migration season each year from late spring through early fall.

Alabama Fauna